Proclesis in latine Provocatio, is a forme of speech by which the Orator provoketh his adversary to the conflict of the controversie, and that either by a vehement accusation, or by a confident offer of justication. By accusation, this of Eliphaz provoking Job, may be an example: “Is it for feare of thee that I wil accuse thee, or go with thee into judgement? Is not thy wickednesse great? and thine ungratious deeds abhominable? for thou hast taken the pledge from thy brother for nought, and spoyled the clothes of the naked.” Job.22.
Another example of Elihu: “If thou canst give me answer, prepare thy self and stand before me, here Elihu provoketh Job without accusation.” Job.33.5.
By offer of justification, this example of Christ is very effectuall, where he saith: “Which of you can rebuke me of sinne>” John.8.
Another of Josephs brethren: “with whomsoever of thy servants it be found let him die, and we also will be my Lords servants.” Gen.44.9.
The use of this figure.
The right use of this figure doth most effectually serve, to commend & countenance a good cause, & in respect of our lawes,
1. To justifie a good cause.
it may be compared to the partie which having a good cause, maketh hast to joyne in issue, & also it may well be compared to the touchstone
2. Compared to the touchstone.
which either justifieth the gold, or bewrayeth the brasse.