Protrope in Latine Adhortatio, is a forme of speech, by which the Orator exhorteth and perswadeth his hearers to do some thing.
An example of Cicero: Have respect & regard, Judges,
what doth appertain to your name, estimation, and safetie of the common wealth. Wherefore Judges looke to your selves, your wives, your children and goods, maintaine and uphold the renowne, and safetie of the Romane people.
Another: If ever God have had respect to a just cause, or ever gave victorie where it was due, or ever lent his hand to equitie against tirannie, or ever preferred his people, and confounded his enemies, he will this day fight with us, and for us, and give us a glorious victorie, be our enemies never so many, and we never so few, and therefore shew your selves this day valiant, couragious and constant, fight this day for yoru honour, and for your countrie, cast off this day all feare that may make you weake, & arme your selves with hope that may make you strong, and be ye assured of an honourable and glorious conquest, after which shall ensue incomparable joy, great wealth, and immortal fame.
Examples in the holie scripture are most plentiful, and may everie where be found.
The use of this figure.
The use of this figure is great, and often necessarie and needfull to be used, the vertue and power whereof is worthie of high praise and commendation, for when commanding cannot force,
Of mightie power to move and perswade.
nor promises allure, nor commination terrifie, as alone by themselves working in their single strengthes: yet Adhortation having al these conjoyned with it, and also sundry reasons of mightie power, as helping hands to force and move the mind forward, to a willing consent, doth prevaile in his purpose.
It is necessarie to observe, that everie exhortation or imparative mood is not an adhortation, as to say, do this, or do that, eschew evil, and do good, seeke peace and ensue it, and such like, these formes are not Adhortations, but onely bare commandements without any reasons annexted the authoritie of the commander excepted: but ye forme of speech which deserveth the name of Protrope or Adhortatio, hath not only the forme of a commandement
*As, profitable, pleasant, easie, honest, & c.
or of a promise, but also sundry & mightie * reasons to move the minde and understanding of man not only to a willing consent, but also to a fervent desire to performe the thing abhorted.
The greater power that this figure hath, the more mischiefe it may worke, if it be perverted and turned to abuse, and therfore it is necessarie to forewarne and forbid those evill partes which may pervert and abuse so excelent a vertue and instrument of counsell.
It is abused by moving and leading to unlawfull things, as
by moving of sedition, tumults, or rebellion among the simple people, by leading ignorant persons into dangers and miserie, by
seducing unstable mindes into false religion and vanities, and by many mo like effectes, which Sathan doth alwaies further to the uttermost of his power.