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Catacosmesis.

Catacosmesis, in Latine ordo, is a meete placing of words among themselves, wherof there be two kinds, the one when the worthiest word is set first, which order is naturall, as when we say: God and man, men and women, Sun and moone, life and death. And also when that is first told that was first done, which is necessary and seemly.

The other kind of order is artificiall, and in forme contrarie to this, as when the worthiest or weightiest word is set last: for the cause of amplifying, which the Rhetoricians cal Incrementum,: the description whereof shalbe set downe among the figures of Amplication.

The use of this figure.

The use of this first kind of order, doth most properly serve to the propertie and elegancy of speech, and due observation of
1. Elegansie.
nature and dignitie: which forme is well represented in the civil
2. Nature.
and solemne customs of nations, where the worthiest person
3. Dignitie.
are alwaies first named and highest plated.

The Caution.

The grace and comelinesse of this order is often diminished,
1. Want of discretion.
and much blemished through want of discretion, or by rashnesse
2. Forgetfulnesse.
of the speaker, putting the lesse worthie, before the more worthy, contrarie to evil observation and comelinesse, as to say,
3. Hastinesse.
it pleased the Counsell and the king to make this law: My Mistresse and my Maister have them commended to your worship.

To naturall and seemely order are repugnant Hyperbaton,

4. Faults opposed to naturall & necessary order.
and his kindes, as Anastrophe, Hysterologia, Hysteron Proteron, Tmesis, Hypallage, Synchisis: all which are faultes of speech consisting in disorder and confusion.

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