Cronographia, when the Orator describeth anie time for delectations sake, as the morning, ye evening, midnight, the dawning and breake of the day, the Sunne rising, the Sun setting, the spring of the yeare, Sommer, Autumne, the Winter, the time of war, the time of peace, the old time.
Examples, the morning: When the bright beames of the East have driven away the darke shadow of the night, and the cheerful birds do welcome the first dawning light with their glad songs, and when men shake off their soft slumbers, and everie living creature receive a new light to seeke their new foode, when the birds forsake their boughes, beasts their night lare, and when blacke cloudes be changed into a golden glorie.
The evening: The time when darknesse ariseth in the East, and starres begin to appeare, when labourers forsake the fields, birds betake themselves to their night boughs, and beastes to their harbour, and when the silence of all creatures is encreased through desire of rest.
Midnight an example of Virgill: It was night, and all weary creatures tooke their sweet slumber, both woods and raging seas had left their sounds, and starres now sliding in the midst of the night, when every field is husht, both beasts and painted birdes, and water fowle of broad lakes, and such as keepe the wide and wilde country are fast in sleep, when cares were slaked, and harts had forgot their labours.
Here the Poet describeth the dead time of the night, to amplifie the dolorous sorrow of Dido, who could by no meanes finde rest at that time, when everie creature enjoyed rest.
In the same maner is described the spring time, as to say that season which bringeth comfort to everie living creature, when the Sunne visiteth the face of the earth with his warme shine, the aire became temperate, fountaines and streames wax cleare, pastures greene, when the floures of every field, & the blossomes of every tree do present their beautie to the eyes of the beholder, and the new and tender breed of beastes and birds are brought forth & presented to man by the liberall hand of nature, at which time the birds sing, lambes plaie, musicke is heard, youth rejoyce, and the hearts of men become more glad: this is that time which bringeth calmnesse to the sea, temperature to the aire, beautie to the earth, clearnesse to the firmament, and a comfort to everie creature. By the like observation of circumstances, are all other desciptions of time, whether is be the time of peace, or time of warre, of plentie or scarcitie, winter or sommer, or whatsoever else.
There is another kinde of describing things and times, which is by making Images of them, which forme of description is called Icon, whereof shall be spoken hereafter.
The use of this figure.
The use of this figure ministreth plentie of matter for this purpose,
and great delectation to the mind of the hearer, wherento
2. Delectation of the hearer.
it hath the most especiall respect.
He that shall use this figure ought to be skilfull in the knowledge of all, or at the least, of the most effectuall circumstances
1. To be skilfull in the circumstances.
belonging to the time described, for otherwise the description will be both unperfect and unpleasant.