Enumeratio, when the subject is divided into the accidents, the matter into the antecedents, the effect into the causes, and into things annexed and following after the effect.
1 Of the subject into accidents.
An example: what may we thinke of man, when we consider the heavy burthen of his miserie, the weaknesse of his patience, the imperfection of his understanding, the conflicts of his counsels, the insatietie of his mind, the brevitie of his life, and the certaintie of his death?
An example of Job: “One dieth in full strength, in all ease and prosperitie, his brestes are full of milke, and his bones runne full of marrow. Another dieth in the bitternesse of his soule, and never eateth with pleasure. Time likewise may be distributed, as the time of peace, the time of warre, the tune of plentie, the time of dearth and famine which are the accidentes of time.” Job.21.23.24.
2 A matter into the antecedents, and meanes by which it is brought to passe. That Cicero repressed teh purposes of Catiline, thus it may be set foorth. The mischievous enterprises of Catiline, who went about the utter destruction of Rome, Marcus Tullius Cicero the Consull, by his prudent foresight did quickly smel out by his singular vigilance sought out, by his high providence found out, and by his marvellous love to the ocmmon wealth shewed out. And then by his incredible eloquence he convicted them, by his grave authoritie repressed them, by his might abolished them, and by his great happinesse quite overthrew them.
3 The numbring up of the causes, is when we declare not the matter or effect nakedly, but rehearse the occasions and efficients whereby it began, proceeded, and continued, as if one should in making report of warre, shew also the occasion of the first kindeling, what were the causes of debate, who were the motioners of enterprising the same warre, what hope of ech side to get victorie, what boldnesse on both parts in their meeting.
Examples hereof are easily found in Poets and writers of histories: specially in Livius.
4 The numbring and rehearsing of effects and consequents, when we do not declare a matter simply, but shew those things which go with it, or follow after it. Anotny was the cause of civill
warre, of three slaine armies of Romane people, of the death of many noble Cittizens, of overthrowing the authorie of the Senate, and finally of all evils whatsoever.
5 Also by this figure, the Orator distributed to particular persons their particular duties to Princes and subjects, maisters and servants, to persons publicke and private, and briefly to all degrees.
Also to number and rehearse the multitude of vertues or vices knowne in some person, to his great commendation, or deserned blame.
Cicero for Cluentius, what man can there be remembred wiser then Publius octavius? in law more learned, in faith, religion, and office more diligent, more devout, and who in praising more pithie than he? more bitter in blaming? more wittie in sentence? more subtle in speaking and disputing?
The use of this figure.
The use of this exornation is great, serving both to garnish
the Oration with varietie, and also to enrich it with plentie.
Regard ought to be had in the use of this figure, that it numbreth
2. False causes, effects, and duties.
not too great a multitude of matters, nor rehearseth false casues, effects, or duties, which maketh ye distribution absurd.