Topographia is an evident and true description of a place, like as Cicero describeth Syracusae a Citie in Cicilia, and that excellently. In Plinie are the descripions of Acaia, Aegypt, mount Aetna, Africa, Alexandria, a famous Citie in Aegyt, Arabia, Armenia, Asia, Athens, Bithinia, Cipres, Creta, Dalmatia, Gallatia, Hispania, Italia, the River Nilus, Pamphilia, the Ile of Rhodes, the Citie Rome, Sardinia, Cicilia, Thessalia, and many others.
The use of this figure.
To this figure refer Cosmography, by which is described “countries, cities, townes, temples, pallaces, castles, walles, gates, mountaines, vallies, fields, orchards, gardens, fountaines, dens, and all other maner of places” Apocal.28.
: under the type of this description, the Evangelist John describeth the holy Jerusalem to the unspeakable comfort of the faithfull.
In the use of this figure diligence ought to be used, that no necessarie circumstance be omitted, the want whereof may appeare a maime in the description.