Propositio, which comprehendeth in few words, the summe of the matter whereof we presently entend to speake.
Cicero: I have now to speake of the excellent and singular vertues of Pompeius. There was no cause why Nevius should demand of the Pretor, that he might possesse the goods of Quintius by an injunction. Cicero against Verres. It is necessary to speake concerning our contention, that you may have what to follow in defending your accuser. Cicero against Catiline: And because the decree of the Senate is not yet written, I will shew you as much thereof as I can call to remembrance. Also, before I begin to speake of the common wealth, I will complaine a litle of the injuries yesterday done by Anthony.
The use of this figure.
This figure doth much beautifie the Oration, so that it it be apt and well applied. Now in a proposition there are three things to be considered.
First that it absolutely containeth whatsoever pertaineth to the cause.
Secondly that it be well divided.
Lastly, that it be disposed in an order, most meete for the same cause: for by this meanes the Oration shall not be confounded, with too great an heape of matters, while the hearer hath some certaine thing whereupon he may occupie his minde, both what to remember and what to expect. And likewise the speaker shall not need to doubt which way to go, when the matter is plaine before his face.
The Caution of this figure is sufficiently exprest in the use.