Correctio, is a figure which taketh away that that is said, and putteth a more meet word in the place, whereof there be two kindes, the one is when a word is corrected before it is said.
An example of Cicero in his 7. action against Verres: We have here brought before you Judges, to have your judgement, not a theefe, but a violent robber, not an adulterer, but a breaker of all chastitie, not a spoiler of church goods, but a ranke enemie to al godly religion, not a quarelling ruffin, but a most cruell murderer.
An example of the holy Scripture: “You declare that you are ye epistie of Christ ministred by us, and written not with inke, but wit the sprite of the living God, not in table of stone, but in the fleshly table of the heart.” 2. Cor. 3.3.
Correction after the saying, Paul to the Romanes: By what law of workes, nay, by what law of faith?
To the Ephesians: “But after you have knowen God, nay rather are knowen of God.” Ephes. 4.
For this thy shamfull and most cursed fact, what shall I call thee, a wretch, nay a beast, a beast, nay a poisonnous serpent, yet none of these are fit enough for thee, a devil, thou art both in respect of thy malice which thou doest possesse, and of the sundry mischiefes which thou doest daily commit.
The use of this figure.
This figure also doth effectually amplifie by the orderly encrease,
but chiefly, by casting by mightie wordes, and by
putting mightier in their roomes, aslo it maintaineth attention, for while ye hearer vieweth the going out of one word, he straight expecteth the comming in of another.
1. To reject the better & place the meaner a follie.
Concerning both the dirst forme of Correction, and also the second, it behoueth that the latter wordes be mightier then the former, for to reject ye mightier and place the weaker betokeneth want of discretion in the Orator, or to put needlesse & fond wordes to be corrected is a signe of follie.