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7. Every Latin word has as many syllables as it has vowels or diphthongs:—

a-ci-ē , mo- , -li-us , fe-rō-ci-tā-te.

a. In the division of words into syllables a single consonant (including consonant i and ) between two vowels is written and pronounced with the following vowel. Doubled consonants are separated:—

pa-ter , -li-tēs , in--ri-a , -vi-; mit-, tol- .

Note 1.--Some extend the rule for single consonants to any consonant group (as sp, st, gn) that can begin a word. In this book, dīx-it , sax-um, etc. are preferred to -xit , sa-xum; the pronunciation was probably dīc-sit, sac-sum.

Note 2.--A syllable ending with a vowel or diphthong is called open: all others are called close. Thus in pa-ter the first syllable is open, the second close.

b. In compounds the parts are separated:—

ab-est , ob-lātus, dis-cernō, du-plex, dī-stō.

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