[*] 8. The so-called Roman Pronunciation of Latin aims to represent approximately the pronunciation of classical times.
|VOWELS: ā as in father;||ă as in idea.|
|ē as eh? (prolonged), or a in date;||ĕ as eh? (clipped) or e in net.|
|ī as in machine;||ĭ as in holiest or sit.|
|ō as in holy;||ŏ as in obey.|
|ū as oo in boot;||ŭ as oo in foot.|
|y between u and i (French u or German ü).|
|DIPHTHONGS: ae like ay;||ei as in eight;||oe like oy in boy;|
|eu as eh'oo;||au like ow in now||ui as oo'ee.|
- c and g are as in come, get, never as in city, gem.
- s as in sea, lips, never as in ease.
- Consonant i is like y in young; v (consonant u ) like w in wing.
- n in the combinations ns and nf probably indicates nasalization of the preceding vowel, which was also lengthened; and final m in an unaccented syllable probably had a similar nasalizing effect on the preceding vowel.
- ph, th, ch, are properly like p, t, k, followed by h (which may, for convenience, be neglected); but ph probably became like (or nearly like) f soon after the classical period, and may be so pronounced to distinguish it from p.
- z is as dz in adze.
- bs is like ps; bt is like pt.
[*] Note.--Latin is sometimes pronounced with the ordinary English sounds of the letters. The English pronunciation should be used in Roman names occurring in English (as, Julius Cæsar); and in familiar quotations, as, e pluribus unum; viva voce; vice versa; a fortiori; veni, vidi, vici, etc.