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144. Reflexive Pronouns are used in the Oblique Cases to refer to the subject of the sentence or clause in which they stand (see § 299): as, amat, he loves himself.

a. In the first and second persons the oblique cases of the Personal pronouns are used as Reflexives: as, videō, I see myself; laudās, you praise yourself; nōbīs persuādēmus, we persuade ourselves.

b. The Reflexive pronoun of the third person has a special form used only in this sense, the same for both singular and plural. It is thus declined:—

  1. GEN. suī, of himself, herself, itself, themselves
  2. DAT. sibi, to himself, herself, itself, themselves
  3. ACC. ( sēsē ), himself, herself, itself, themselves
  4. ABL. ( sēsē ), [by] himself, herself, itself, themselves

Note 1.--Emphatic and reduplicated forms of are made as in the personals (see § 143. d, e). The preposition cum is added enclitically: as, sēcum, with himself. etc.

Note 2.--An old form sēd occurs in the accusative and ablative.

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