VERBS: CONJUGATION OF THE VERB
The inflection of the Verb is called its Conjugation.
Voice, Mood, Tense, Person, Number
Through its conjugation the Verb expresses Voice, Mood, Tense, Person,
The Voices are two: Active and Passive.
The Moods are four: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative, and
[*] Note.--The Indicative,
Subjunctive, and Imperative are called Finite Moods in
distinction from the Infinitive.
The Tenses are six, viz.:—
- For continued action, Present, Imperfect, Future.
- For completed action, Perfect, Pluperfect, Future
The Indicative Mood has all six tenses, but the Subjunctive has no future
or future perfect, and the Imperative has only the present and the
future. The Infinitive has the present, perfect, and future.
The Persons are three: First, Second, and Third.
The Numbers are two: Singular and Plural.
Noun and Adjective Forms
The following Noun and Adjective forms are also included in the
inflection of the Latin Verb:—
the Present and Future Participles.
the Perfect Participle and the
The Gerund: this is in form a neuter noun of the second declension, used
only in the oblique cases of the singular.
The Supine: this is in form a verbal noun of the fourth declension in the
) and dative or ablative