[*] 156. The Active and Passive Voices in Latin generally correspond to the active and passive in English; but— [*] a. The passive voice often has a reflexive meaning:—
- ferrō accingor, I gird myself with my sword.
- Turnus vertitur, Turnus turns (himself).
- induitur vestem, he puts on his (own) clothes.
[*] Note.--This use corresponds very nearly to the Greek Middle voice, and is doubtless a survival of the original meaning of the passive (p. 76, footnote 2).[*] b. Many verbs are passive in form, but active or reflexive in meaning. These are called Deponents (§ 190):1 as, hortor, I exhort; sequor, I follow. [*] c. Some verbs with active meaning have the passive form in the perfect tenses; these are called Semi-Deponents: as, audeō , audēre , ausus sum, dare.