[*] 157. The Moods are used as follows:— [*] a. The Indicative Mood is used for most direct assertions and interrogations: as, valēsne ? valeō, are you well? I am well. [*] b. The Subjunctive Mood has many idiomatic uses, as in commands, conditions, and various dependent clauses. It is often translated by the English Indicative; frequently by means of the auxiliaries may, might, would, should; 1 sometimes by the (rare) Subjunctive; sometimes by the Infinitive; and often by the Imperative, especially in prohibitions. A few characteristic examples of its use are the following:—
- eāmus, let us go; nē abeat, let him not depart.
- adsum ut videam, I am here to see (that I may see).
- tū nē quaesieris, do not thou inquire.
- beātus sīs, may you be blessed.
- quid morer, why should I delay?
- nesciō quid scrībam, I know not what to write.
- sī moneam, audiat, if I should warn, he would hear.
[*] Note.--For the Syntax of the Moods, see § 436 ff.