[*] 161. The Perfect Indicative has two separate uses,—the Perfect Definite and the Perfect Historical (or Indefinite).
- The Perfect Definite represents the action of the verb as completed in present time, and corresponds to the English perfect with have: as, scrīpsī, I have written.
- The Perfect Historical narrates a simple act or state in past time without representing it as in progress or continuing. It corresponds to the English past or preterite and the Greek aorist: as, scrīpsit, he wrote.