Verbs have the forms of the Passive
Voice, with an active or reflexive signification:—
, mīrātus, admire.
Deponents have the participles of both voices:—
The perfect participle generally has an active sense, but in verbs
it is often passive: as,
(or having gained
The future infinitive is always in the active form: thus,
The gerundive, being passive in meaning, is found only in transitive
verbs, or intransitive verbs used impersonally:—
this must be acknowledged.
moriendum est omnibus,
all must die.
Most deponents are intransitive or reflexive in meaning, corresponding to
what in Greek is called the Middle Voice (§ 156. a.
Some deponents are occasionally used in a passive sense: as, crīminor
, I accuse
I am accused.
About twenty verbs have an active meaning in both active and passive