[*] 538. The constructions of Purpose and Result are precisely alike in the affirmative (except sometimes in tense sequence, § 485. c); but, in the negative, Purpose takes nē , Result ut nōn etc.:—
- cūstōdītus est nē effugeret, he was guarded in order that he MIGHT not escape.
- cūstōdītus est ut nōn effugeret, he was guarded so that he DID not escape.
- (1) cernere nē quis eōs, “ neu quis contingere posset” (Aen. 1.413) , that no one might see them, no one touch them. [Purpose.]
- “ nē quandō līberīs prōscrīptōrum bona patria reddantur ” (Rosc. Am. 145) , lest at some time the patrimony of the proscribed should be restored to their children.
- “ipse nē quō inciderem, revertī Formiās ” (Att. 8.3.7) , that I might not come upon him anywhere, I returned to Formiœ.
- “dispositīs explōrātōribus nēcubi Rōmānī cōpiās trādūcerent ” (B. G. 7.35) , having stationed scouts here and there in order that the Romans might not lead their troops across anywhere.
- (2) multī “ita sunt imbēcillī senēs ut nūllum officī mūnus exsequī possint” (Cat. M. 35) , many old men are so feeble that they cannot perform any duty to society. [Result.]
- “quī summum bonum sīc īnstituit ut nihil habeat cum virtūte coniūnctum ” (Off. 1.5) , who has so settled the highest good that it has nothing in common with virtue.