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541. Temporal Clauses are introduced by particles which are almost all of relative origin. They are construed like other relative clauses, except where they have developed into special idiomatic constructions.1

For list of Temporal Particles, see p. 138.

Temporal Clauses may be classified as follows:—

I. Conditional Relative Clauses: ubi , ut , cum , quandō, in Protasis (§ 542).

II. Clauses with postquam , ubi , etc. (Indicative), (§ 543).

III. Clauses with cum 1. Cum temporal (§§ 545-548). 2. Cum causal or concessive (§ 549).

IV. Clauses with antequam and priusquam (Indicative or Subjunctive) (§ 551).

V. Clauses with dum , dōnec , and quoad (Indicative or Subjunctive) (§§ 552-556).

Conditional Relative Clauses

1 With all temporal particles the Subjunctive is often found depending on some other principle of construction. (See Intermediate Clauses. § 591.)

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