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559. A clause of Result or Characteristic may be introduced <*> quīn after a general negative, where quīn is equivalent to quī ( quae , quod ) nōn :—

    Clauses of Result:—
    1. nēmō est tam fortisquīn [= quī nōn] reī novitāte perturbētur(B. G. 6.39) , no one is so brave as not to be disturbed by the unexpected occurrence.
    2. nēmō erat adeō tardus quīn putāret(B. C. 1.69) , no one was so slothful as not to think, etc.
    3. quis est tam dēmēnsquīn sentiat(Balb. 43) , who is so senseless as not to think, etc.?
    4. nīl tam difficilestquīn quaerendō investīgārī possiet(Ter. Haut. 675) , nothing's so hard but search will find it out (Herrick).
    Clauses of Characteristic:—
    1. nēmō nostrum estquīn [= quī nōn] sciat(Rosc. Am. 55) , there is no one of us who does not know.
    2. nēmō fuit mīlitum quīn vulnerārētur(B. C. 3.53) , there was not one of the soldiers who was not wounded.
    3. ecquis fuit quīn lacrimāret(Verr. 5.121) , was there any one who did not shed tears?
    4. quis est quīn intellegat(Fin. 5.64) , who is there who does not understand?
    5. hōrum nihil estquīn [= quod nōn] intereat(N. D. 3.30) , there is none of these (elements) which does not perish.
    6. nihil est illōrumquīn [= quod nōn] ego illī dīxerim(Pl. Bac. 1012) , there is nothing of this that I have not told him.

Note.-- Quīn sometimes introduces a pure clause of result with the sense of ut nōn : as,numquam tam male est Siculīs quīn aliquid facētē et commodē “dīcant(Verr. 4.95) , things are never so bad with the Sicilians but that they have something pleasant or witty to say.

For quīn in independent constructions. see § 440 <*>

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