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476. The completed tenses of some verbs are equivalent to the incomplete tenses of verbs of kindred meaning.

Such are the preteritive verbs ōdī, I hate; meminī, I remember; nōvī, I know; cōnsuēvī, I am accustomed,1 with others used preteritively, as vēnerat (=aderat, he was at hand, etc.), cōnstitērunt, they stand firm (have taken their stand), and many inceptives (see § 263. 1):—

  1. quī diēs aestūs maximōs efficere cōnsuēvit (B. G. 4.29) , which day generally makes the highest tides (is accustomed to make).
  2. cûius splendor obsolēvit (Quinct. 59) , whose splendor is now all faded.

Note.--Many other verbs are occasionally so used: as, “dum oculōs certāmen āverterat(Liv. 32.24) , while the contest had turned their eyes (kept them turned). [Here āverterat = tenēbat .]


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