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564. Verbs of fearing take the Subjunctive, with affirmative and nōn or ut negative.

In this use is commonly to be translated by that, ut and nōn by that not:

  1. timeō Verrēs fēcerit (Verr. 5.3) , I fear that Verres has done, etc.
  2. animum offenderet verēbātur (B. G. 1.19) , he feared that he should hurt the feelings, etc.
  3. exhērēdārētur veritus est (Rosc. Am. 58) , he feared that he should be disinherited.
  4. ōrātor metuō languēscat senectūte (Cat. M. 28) , I fear the orator grows feeble from old age.
  5. vereor ut tibi possim concēdere (De Or. 1.35) , I fear that I cannot grant you.
  6. haud sānē perīculum est nōn mortem optandam putet (Tusc. 5.118) , there is no danger that he will not think death desirable.

Note.--The subjunctive in -clauses after a verb of fearing is optative in origin. To an independent -sentence, as accidat, may it not happen, a verb may be prefixed (cf. § 560), making a complex sentence. Thus, vidē accidat ; ōrō accidat ; cavet accidat ; when the prefixed verb is one of fearing, timeō accidat becomes let it not happen, but I fear that it may. The origin of the ut-clause is similar.

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