[*] 599. The following are special rules of arrangement:— [*] a. The negative precedes the word it especially affects; but if it belongs to no one word in particular, it generally precedes the verb; if it is especially emphatic, it begins the sentence. (See example, 598. f. N.) [*] b. Itaque regularly comes first in its sentence or clause; enim , autem , vērō , quoque , never first, but usually second, sometimes third if the second word is emphatic; quidem never first, but after the emphatic word; igitur usually second; nē ... quidem include the emphatic word or words. [*] c. Inquam , inquit , are always used parenthetically, following one or more words. So often crēdō, opīnor , and in poetry sometimes precor . [*] d. (1) Prepositions (except tenus and versus) regularly precede their nouns; (2) but a monosyllabic preposition is often placed between a noun and its adjective or limiting genitive:—[*] e. In the arrangement of clauses, the Relative clause more often comes first in Latin, and usually contains the antecedent noun:—
- “ quōs āmīsimus cīvīs, eōs Mārtis vīs perculit ” (Marc. 17) , those citizens whom we have lost, etc.