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599. The following are special rules of arrangement:—

a. The negative precedes the word it especially affects; but if it belongs to no one word in particular, it generally precedes the verb; if it is especially emphatic, it begins the sentence. (See example, 598. f. N.)

b. Itaque regularly comes first in its sentence or clause; enim , autem , vērō , quoque , never first, but usually second, sometimes third if the second word is emphatic; quidem never first, but after the emphatic word; igitur usually second; ... quidem include the emphatic word or words.

c. Inquam , inquit , are always used parenthetically, following one or more words. So often crēdō, opīnor , and in poetry sometimes precor .

d. (1) Prepositions (except tenus and versus) regularly precede their nouns; (2) but a monosyllabic preposition is often placed between a noun and its adjective or limiting genitive:—

  1. quem ad modum; quam ob rem; māgnō cum metū; omnibus cum cōpiīs; nūllā in ; (cf. § 598. i).

e. In the arrangement of clauses, the Relative clause more often comes first in Latin, and usually contains the antecedent noun:—

  1. quōs āmīsimus cīvīs, eōs Mārtis vīs perculit (Marc. 17) , those citizens whom we have lost, etc.

f. Personal or demonstrative pronouns tend to stand together in the sentence:—

    cum vōs mihi essētis in cōnsiliō; (Rep. 3.28), when you attended me in counsel.

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