[*] 274. The person or thing immediately affected by the action of a verb is called the Direct Object. A person or thing indirectly affected by the action of a verb is called the Indirect Object. Only transitive verbs can have a Direct Object; but an Indirect Object may be used with both transitive and intransitive verbs (§§ 362, 366):—
- pater vocat filium (direct object), the father calls his son.
- mihi (ind. obj.) agrum (dir. obj.) ostendit, he showed me a field.
- mihi (ind. obj.) placet, it is pleasing to me.
[*] Note.--The distinction between transitive and intransitive verbs is not a fixed dis tinction, for most transitive verbs may be used intransitively, and many verbs usually intransitive may take a direct object and so become transitive (§ 388. a).[*] a. With certain verbs, the Genitive, Dative, or Ablative is used where the English, from a difference in meaning, requires the direct object (Objective):—
- hominem videō, I see the man (Accusative).
- hominī serviō, I serve the man (Dative, see § 367).
- hominis misereor, I pity the man (Genitive, see § 354. a).
- homine amīcō ūtor, I treat the man as a friend (Ablative, see § 410).