Sentences are either Simple or Compound.
- A sentence containing a single statement is called a Simple
- A sentence containing more than one statement is called a
Compound Sentence, and each single statement in it is called a
If one statement is simply added to another, the clauses are said to be
Coördinate. They are usually connected by a Coördinate
Conjunction (§ 223. a
); but this is sometimes
- dīvide et
imperā, divide and
vēnī, vīdī, vīcī, I
came, I saw, I conquered.
If one statement modifies another in any way, the modifying clause is
said to be Subordinate, and the clause modified is called the Main
This subordination is indicated by some connecting word, either a
Subordinate Conjunction (§ 223. b
) or a Relative:—
metuant, let them hate so long as they
servum mīsit quem
sēcum habēbat, he sent
the slave whom he had with him.
A sentence containing one or more subordinate clauses is sometimes called
subordinate clause may itself be modified by other subordinate