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306. A Relative generally agrees in gender and number with an appositive or predicate noun in its own clause, rather than with an antecedent of different gender or number (cf. § 296. a):—
  1. mare etiam quem Neptūnum esse dīcēbās (N. D. 3.52) , the sea, too, which you said was Neptune. [Not quod .]
  2. Thēbae ipsae, quod Boeōtiae caput est (Liv. 42.44) , even Thebes, which is the chief city of Bœotia. [Not quae .]

Note.--This rule is occasionally violated: as, “flūmen quod appellātur Tamesis(B. G. 5.11) , a river which is called the Thames.

a. A relative occasionally agrees with its antecedent in case (by attraction):—

    aliquid agā eōrum quōrum cōnsuēstī; (Fam. 5.14), if you should do something of what you are used to do. [For eōrum quae .]

Note.--Occasionally the antecedent is attracted into the case of the relative:— “ urbem quam statuō vestra est(Aen. 1.573) , the city which I am founding is yours. Naucratem , “quem convenīre voluī, in nāvī nōn erat(Pl. Am. 1009) , Naucrates, whom I wished to meet, was not on board the ship.

b. A relative may agree in gender and number with an implied antecedent:—

  1. quārtum genus ... quī in vetere aere aliēnō vacillant (Cat. 2.21) , a fourth class, who are staggering under old debts.
  2. ūnus ex numerō quī parātī erant (Iug. 35) , one of the number [of those] who were ready.
  3. coniūrāvēre paucī, quā [i.e. coniūrātiōne] dīcam (Sall. Cat. 18), a few have conspired, of which [conspiracy] I will speak.

Note.--So regularly when the antecedent is implied in a possessive pronoun: as, nostra ācta, quōstyrannōs vocās(Vat. 29) , the deeds of us, whom you call tyrants. [Here quōs agrees with the nostrum (genitive plural) implied in nostra .]

Antecedent of the Relative

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