[*] 366. The Dative of the Indirect Object may be used with any Intransitive verb whose meaning allows:—
- “cēdant arma togae ” (Phil. 2.20) , let arms give place to the gown.
- Caesarī respondet, he replies to Cæsar.
- Caesarī respondētur, a reply is given to Cæsar (Cæsar is replied to). [Cf. § 372.]
- “respondī maximīs crīminibus ” (Phil. 2.36) , I have answered the heaviest charges.
- ut ita cuique ēveniat (id. 2.119), that it may so turn out to each.
[*] Note 1.--Intransitive verbs have no Direct Object. The Indirect Object, therefore, in these cases stands alone as in the second example (but cf. § 362. a).
[*] Note 2.-- Cēdō, yield, sometimes takes the Ablative of the thing along with the Dative of the person: as,cēdere alicui possessiōne hortōrum (cf. Mil. 75), to give up to one the possession of a garden.[*] a. Many phrases consisting of a noun with the copula sum or a copulative verb are equivalent to an intransitive verb and take a kind of indirect object (cf. § 367. a. N.2):—
- auctor esse alicui, to advise or instigate one (cf. persuādeō ).
- “quis huic reī testis est ” (Quinct. 37) , who testifies (is witness) to this fact?
- “is fīnis populātiōnibus fuit ” (Liv. 2.30.9) , this put an end to the raids.
- “lēgātus frātrī ” (Mur. 32) , a lieutenant to his brother (i.e. a man assigned to his brother).
- “ministrī sceleribus ” (Tac. Ann. 6.36) , agents of crime. [Cf. sēditiōnis ministrī (id. 1.17), agents of sedition.]
- miseriīs suīs remedium mortem exspectāre (Sall. Cat. 40), to look for death as a cure for their miseries. [Cf. “sōlus meārum miseriārumst remedium” (Ter. Ad. 294) .]
[*] Note.--The cases in a and b differ from the constructions of § 367. a. N.2 and § 377 in that the dative is more closely connected in idea with some single word to which it serves as an indirect object.