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375. The Dative of the Agent is common with perfect participles (especially when used in an adjective sense), but rare with other parts of the verb:—
  1. mihi dēlīberātum et cōnstitūtum est (Leg. Agr. 1.25) , I have deliberated and resolved (it has been deliberated by me).
  2. mihi rēs prōvīsa est (Verr. 4.91) , the matter has been provided for by me.
  3. sīc dissimillimīs bēstiolīs commūniter cibus quaeritur (N. D. 2.123) , so by very different creatures food is sought in common.

a. The Dative of the Agent is used by the poets and later writers with almost any passive verb:—

  1. neque cernitur ūllī (Aen. 1.440) , nor is seen by any.
  2. fēlīx est dicta sorōrī (Ov. Fast. 3.1.597), she was called happy by her sister.
  3. Aelia Paetina Narcissō fovēbātur (Tac. Ann. 12.1) , Ælia Pœtina was favored by Narcissus.

b. The dative of the person who sees or thinks is regularly used after videor, seem:

  1. vidētur mihi, it seems (or seems good) to me.
  2. dīs aliter vīsum [est] (Aen. 2.428) , it seemed otherwise to the gods.
  3. videor mihi perspicere ipsīus animum (Fam. 4.13.5) , I seem (to myself) to see the soul of the man himself.

Note.--The verb probāre, approve (originally a mercantile word), takes a Dative of Reference (§ 376), which has become so firmly attached that it is often retained with the passive, seemingly as Dative of Agent:—

  1. haec sententia et illī et nōbīs probābātur (Fam. 1.7.5) , this view met both his approval and mine (was made acceptable both to him and to me).
  2. hōc cōnsilium plērīsque nōn probābātur (B. C. 1.72) , this plan was not approved by the majority. [But also, cōnsilium ā cūnctīs probābātur (id. 1.74).]

Dative of Reference

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