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393. Verbs of naming, choosing, appointing, making, esteeming, showing, and the like, may take a Predicate Accusative along with the direct object:—
  1. ō Spartace, quem enim potius appellem (Phil. 13.22) , O Spartacus, for what else shall I call you (than Spartacus)?
  2. Cicerōnem cōnsulem creāre, to elect Cicero consul.
  3. augurem nōmināvērunt (Phil. 2.4) , they nominated me for augur.
  4. cum grātiās ageret quod cōnsulem fēcisset (De Or. 2.268) , when he thanked him because he had made him consul (supported his candidacy).
  5. hominem prae nēminem putāvit (Rosc. Am. 135) , he thought nobody a man in comparison with himself.
  6. ducem praebuit (Vat. 33) , he offered himself as a leader.

Note.--The predicate accusative may be an adjective: as, “hominēs mītīs reddidit et mānsuētōs(Inv. 1.2) , has made men mild and gentle.

a. In changing from the active voice to the passive, the Predicate Accusative becomes Predicate Nominative (§ 284):—

  1. rēx ab suīs appellātur (B. G. 8.4) , he is called king by his subjects. [Active<*> suī eum rēgem appellant.]

Secondary Object

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