previous next

413. Accompaniment is denoted by the Ablative, regularly with cum :—
  1. cum coniugibus ac līberīs (Att. 8.2.3) , with wives and children.
  2. cum funditōribus sagittāriīsque flūmen trānsgressī; (B. G. 2.19), having crossed the river with the archers and slingers.
  3. quae supplicātiō cum cēterīs cōnferātur (Cat. 3.15) , if this thanksgiving be compared with others.
  4. quae [lēx] esse cum tēlō vetat (Mil. 11) , the law which forbids [one] to go armed (be with a weapon).
  5. sēcum suōs ēdūxerit (Cat. 1.30) , if he leads out with him his associates. [For sēcum , see § 144. b. N.1.]

a. The ablative is used without cum in some military phrases, and here and there by early writers:—

  1. subsequēbātur omnibus cōpiīs (B. G. 2.19) , he followed close with all his forces. [But also cum omnibus cōpiīs , id. 1.26.]
  2. hōc praesidiō profectus est (Verr. 2.1.86) , with this force he set out.

Note.-- Misceō and iungō , with some of their compounds, and cōnfundō take either (1) the Ablative of Accompaniment with or without cum , or (2) sometimes the Dative (mostly poetical or late):—

  1. mixta dolōre voluptās (B. Al. 56) , pleasure mingled with pain.
  2. cûius animum cum suō misceat (Lael. 81) , whose soul he may mingle with his own.
  3. flētumque cruōrī miscuit (Ov. M. 4.140) , and mingled tears with blood.
  4. Caesar eās cohortīs cum exercitū suō coniūnxit (B. C. 1.18) , Cæsar united those cohorts with his own army.
  5. āēr coniūnctus terrīs (Lucr. 5.562) , air united with earth.
  6. hūmānō capitī cervīcem equīnam iungere (Hor. A. P. 1) , to join to a human head a horse's neck.

b. Words of Contention and the like require cum :—

  1. armīs cum hoste certāre (Off. 3.87) , to fight with the enemy in arms.
  2. libenter haec cum Q. Catulō disputārem (Manil. 66) , I should gladly discuss these matters with Quintus Catulus.

Note.--But words of contention may take the Dative in poetry (see § 368. a).

Ablative of Degree of Difference

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: