[*] 629. The prosody of the earlier poets differs in several respects from that of the later.1 [*] a. At the end of words s, being only feebly sounded, does not make position with a following consonant; it sometimes disappeared altogether. This usage continued in all poets till Cicero's time (§ 15. 7). [*] b. A long syllable immediately preceded or followed by the ictus may be shortened (iambic shortening):—
- In a word of two syllables of which the first is short (this effect remained in a few words like pută , cavĕ,valĕ, vidĕ , egŏ , modŏ , duŏ 2):—
- If it is either a monosyllable or the first syllable of a word which is preceded by a short monosyllable:—
- When preceded by a short initial syllable in a word of more than three syllables:—
- The ending -or is retained long in nouns with long stem-vowel (original r- stems or original s-stems):—
- The termination -es (-ĭtis) is sometimes retained long, as in mīlēs, superstēs .
- All verb-endings in -r,
-s, and -t may be retained long where the vowel is elsewhere long
- régrediō´r audī´sse mē´; (Pl. Capt. 1023); átqueut quī´ fuerīs et quī´ nunc (id. 248); mē nō´minā´t haec (id. Epid. 4.1.8); faciā´t ut sémper (id. Poen. 2.42); īnfuscābāt, amābō (cretics, id. Cist. 1.21); quī amēt (id. Merc. 1021); utfī´t in béllō cápitur álter fī´liús (id. Capt. 25); tibisī´tad mē´ revī´sā´s (id. Truc. 2.4.79).