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634. The sēstertium (probably originally the genitive plural of sēstertius depending on mīlle ) was a sum of money, not a coin; the word is inflected regularly as a neuter noun: thus, tria sēstertia = $150.00.

When sēstertium is combined with a numeral adverb, centēna mīlia, hundreds of thousands, is to be understood: thus deciēns sēstertium ( deciēns HS) = deciēns centēna mīlia sēstertium = $50,000. Sēstertium in this combination may also be inflected: deciēns sēstertiī , sēstertiō , etc.

In the statement of large sums sēstertium is often omitted as well as centēna mīlia : thus “ sexāgiēns (Rosc. Am. 2) signifies, sexāgiēns [ centēna mīlia sēstertium ] = 6,000,000 sesterces=$300,000 (nearly).

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