previous next

143. Ego and are declined as follows:—

Singular Plural
NOM. ego, I nōs, we
GEN. meī, of me nostrum , nostrī, of us
DAT. mihi ( ), to me nōbīs, to us
ACC. , me nōs, us
ABL. , by me nōbīs, by us

NOM , thou or you vōs, ye or you
GEN. tuī, of thee or you vestrum , vestrī; vostrum (-trī
DAT. tibi vōbīs
ACC. vōs
ABL. vōbīs

a. The plural nōs is often used for the singular ego; the plural vōs is never so used for the singular .

Note.--Old forms are genitive mīs, tīs; accusative and ablative mēd , tēd (cf. § 43. N. 1).

b. The forms nostrum , vestrum , etc., are used partitively:

  1. ūnusquisque nostrum, each one of us.
  2. vestrum omnium, of all of you.

Note.--The forms of the genitive of the personal pronouns are really the genitives of the possessives: meī , tuī , suī , nostrī , vestrī , genitive singular neuter: nostrum , vestrum , genitive plural masculine or neuter. So in early and later Latin we find ūna vestrārum, one of you (women).

c. The genitives meī , tuī , suī , nostri , vestrī , are chiefly used objectively (§ 347):—

  1. memor sīs nostrī, be mindful of us (me).
  2. tuī pudet, I am ashamed of you.

d. Emphatic forms of are tūte and tūtemet ( tūtimet ). The other cases of the personal pronouns, excepting the genitive plural, are made emphatic by adding -met: as, egomet , vōsmet.

Note.--Early emphatic forms are mēpte and tēpte.

e. Reduplicated forms are found in the accusative and ablative singular: as, mēmē , tētē.

f. The preposition cum, with, is joined enclitically with the ablative: as, tēcum loquitur, he talks with you.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: