The forms of the verb may be referred to three stems, called (1) the
Present, (2) the Perfect, and (3) the Supine stem.
- On the Present stem are formed—
The Present, Imperfect, and Future Indicative, Active and Passive.
The Present and Imperfect Subjunctive, Active and Passive.
The Imperative, Active and Passive.
The Present Infinitive, Active and Passive.
The Present Participle, the Gerundive, and the Gerund.
- On the Perfect stem are formed—
The Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Indicative Active.
The Perfect and Pluperfect Subjunctive Active.
The Perfect Infinitive Active.
- On the Supine stem are formed1—
The Perfect Passive Participle, which combines with the forms of the verb
The Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Indicative Passive.
The Perfect and Pluperfect Subjunctive Passive.
The Perfect Infinitive Passive.
The Future Active Participle, which combines with
to make the Future Active Infinitive.
The Supine in -um
. The Supine in -um
to make the Future Passive Infinitive (§ 203. a
[*] Note.--The Perfect Participle
also makes a Future Passive Infinitive (as,
). For fore (futūrum esse）
ut with the subjunctive, see
§ 569. 3. a.