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223. Conjunctions connect words, phrases, or sentences. They are of two classes, Coördinate and Subordinate:—

a. Coördinate, connecting coördinate or similar constructions (see § 278. 2. a). These are:—

  1. Copulative or disjunctive, implying a connection or separation of thought as well as of words: as, et, and; aut, or; neque, nor.
  2. Adversative, implying a connection of words, but a contrast in thought: as, sed, but.
  3. Causal, introducing a cause or reason: as, nam, for.
  4. Illative, denoting an inference: as, igitur, therefore.
b. Subordinate, connecting a subordinate or independent clause with that on which it depends (see § 278. 2. b). These are:—

  1. Conditional, denoting a condition or hypothesis: as, , if; nisi, unless.
  2. Comparative, implying comparison as well as condition: as, ac , as if.
  3. Concessive, denoting a concession or admission: as, quamquam, although (lit. however much it may be true that, etc.).
  4. Temporal: as, postquam, after.
  5. Consecutive, expressing result: as, ut, so that.
  6. Final, expressing purpose: as, ut, in order that; , that not.
  7. Causal, expressing cause: as, quia, because.
hide References (1 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 2.15
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