previous next

265. New stems are formed by Composition in three ways:—

    The second part is simply added to the first:—
    1. su-ove-taurīlia (sūs, ovis, taurus), the sacrifice of a swine, a sheep, and a bull (cf. § 255. a).
    2. septen-decim (septem, decem), seventeen.
    The first part modifies the second as an adjective or adverb (Determinative Compounds):—
    1. lāti-fundium (lātus, fundus), a large landed estate.
    2. omni-potēns (omnis, potēns), omnipotent.
    The first part has the force of a case, and the second a verbal force (Objective Compounds):—
    1. agri-cola ( ager , field, † cola akin to colō , cultivate), a farmer.
    2. armi-ger ( arma , arms, † ger akin to gerō , carry), armor-bearer.
    3. corni-cen ( cornū , horn, † cen akin to canō , sing), horn-blower.
    4. carni-fex ( carō , flesh, †fexakin to faciō, make), executioner.
a. Compounds of the above kinds, in which the last word is a noun, may become adjectives, meaning possessed of the quality denoted:—
  1. āli-pēs (āla, wing, pēs, foot), wing-footed.
  2. māgn-animus (māgnus, great, animus, soul), great-souled.
  3. an-ceps (amb-, at both ends, caput, head), double.

Note.--Many compounds of the above classes appear only in the form of some further derivative, the proper compound not being found in Latin.

Syntactic Compounds

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: