[*] 288. Adjectives are often used as Nouns (substantively), the masculine usually to denote men or people in general of that kind, the feminine women, and the neuter things:—
|omnēs, all men (everybody).||omnia, all things (everything).|
|mâiōrēs, ancestors.||minōrēs, descendants.|
|Rōmānī, Romans.||barbarī, barbarians.|
|līberta, a freedwoman.||Sabīnae, the Sabine wives.|
|sapiēns, a sage (philosopher).||amīcus, a friend.|
|bonī, the good (good people).||bona, goods, property.|
- tuus vīcīnus proximus, your next-door neighbor.
- propinquī cēterī, his other relatives.
- meus aequālis, a man of my own age.
- “êius familiāris Catilīna ” (Har. Resp. 5) , his intimate friend Catiline.
- “Leptae nostrī familiārissimus ” (Fam. 9.13.2) , a very close friend of our friend Lepta.
- Āfricus [ventus], the southwest wind; Iānuārius [mēnsis], January; vitulīna [carō], veal (calf's flesh); fera [bēstia], a wild beast; patria [terra], the fatherland; Gallia [terra], Gaul (the land of the Gallī); hīberna [castra], winter quarters; trirēmis [nāvis], a three-banked galley, trireme; argentārius [faber], a silversmith; rēgia [domus], the palace; Latīnae [fēriae], the Latin festival.
[*] Note.--These adjectives are specific in meaning, not generic like those in § 288. They include the names of winds and months (§ 31).For Nouns used as Adjectives, see § 321. c. For Adverbs used like Adjectives, see § 321. d.