[*] 296. Demonstrative Pronouns are used either adjectively or substantively.
- As adjectives, they follow the rules for the agreement of adjectives and are called Adjective Pronouns or Pronominal Adjectives (§§ 286, 287):—
- As substantives, they are equivalent to personal pronouns.
This use is regular in the oblique cases, especially
- Caesar et exercitus êius, Cæsar and his army (not suus ). [But, Caesar exercitumsuum dīmīsit, Cæsar disbanded his [own] army.]
- “sī obsidēs abeīs dentur ” (B. G. 1.14) , if hostages should be given by them (persons just spoken of).
- hī sunt extrā prōvinciam trāns Rhodanum prīmī; (id. 1.10), they (those just mentioned) are the first [inhabitants] across the Rhone.
- ille minimum propter adulēscentiam poterat (id. 1.20), he (emphatic) had very little power, on account of his youth.
- “hīc locus est ūnus quō perfugiant; hīc portus, haec arx, haec āra sociōrum ” (Verr. 5.126) , this is the only place to which they can flee for refuge; this is the haven, this the citadel, this the altar of the allies.
- “rērum caput hōc erat, hīc fōns ” (Hor. Ep. 1.17.45) , this was the head of things, this the source.
- “ eam sapientiam interpretantur quam adhūc mortālis nēmō est cōnsecūtus [for id. ..quod] ” (Lael. 18) , they explain that [thing] to be wisdom which no man ever yet attained.