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316. A Finite Verb agrees with its Subject in Number and Person:—

ego statuō, I resolve. senātus dēcrēvit, the senate ordered.

  1. silent lēgēs inter arma (Mil. 11) , the laws are dumb in time of war.

Note.--In verb-forms containing a participle, the participle agrees with the subject in gender and number (§ 286):—

  1. ōrātiō est habita, the plea was delivered. bellum exortum est, a war arose.
a. A verb having a relative as its subject takes the person of the expressed or implied antecedent:—
  1. adsum quī fēcī (Aen. 9.427) , here am I who did it.
  2. , quī scīs, omnem dīligentiam adhibēbis (Att. 5.2.3) , you, who know, will use all diligence.
  3. vidēte quam dēspiciāmur omnēs quī sumus ē mūnicipiīs (Phil. 3.15) , see how all of us are scorned who are from the free towns.

b. A verb sometimes agrees in number (and a participle in the verbform in number and gender) with an appositive or predicate noun:—

  1. amantium īrae amōris integrātiō est (Ter. And. 555) , the quarrels of lovers are the renewal of love.
  2. nōn omnis error stultitia dīcenda est (Div. 2.90) , not every error should be called folly.
  3. Corinthus lūmen Graeciae exstīnctum est (cf. Manil. 11), Corinth, the light of Greece, is put out.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Anne Mahoney, Overview of Latin Syntax, Verbs
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