[*] 474. The Perfect is sometimes used emphatically to denote that a thing or condition of things that once existed no longer exists:
- “ fuit ista quondam in hāc rē pūblicā virtūs ” (Cat. 1.3) , there was once such virtue in this commonwealth.
- “ habuit, nōn habet ” (Tusc. 1.87) , he had, he has no longer.
- fīlium habeō ... immo habuī; nunc habeam necne incertumst (Ter. Haut. 93), I have a son, no, I had one; whether I have now or not is uncertain.
- “ fuimus Trōes, fuit Īlium ” (Aen. 2.325) , we have ceased to be Trojans, Troy is no more.