previous next

474. The Perfect is sometimes used emphatically to denote that a thing or condition of things that once existed no longer exists:
  1. fuit ista quondam in hāc pūblicā virtūs (Cat. 1.3) , there was once such virtue in this commonwealth.
  2. habuit, nōn habet (Tusc. 1.87) , he had, he has no longer.
  3. fīlium habeō ... immo habuī; nunc habeam necne incertumst (Ter. Haut. 93), I have a son, no, I had one; whether I have now or not is uncertain.
  4. fuimus Trōes, fuit Īlium (Aen. 2.325) , we have ceased to be Trojans, Troy is no more.

Special Uses of the Perfect

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: