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555. Dum , dōnec , and quoad, as long as, take the Indicative:—
  1. dum anima est, spēs esse dīcitur (Att. 9.10.3) , as long as there is life, there is said to be hope.
  2. dum praesidia ūlla fuērunt, in Sullae praesidiīs fuit (Rosc. Am. 126) , so long as there were any garrisons, he was in the garrisons of Sulla.
  3. dum longius ā mūnītiōne aberant Gallī, plūs multitūdine tēlōrum prōficiēbant (B. G. 7.82) , so long as the Gauls were at a distance from the fortifications, they had the advantage because of their missiles.
  4. dōnec grātus eram tibī, Persārum viguī rēge beātior (Hor. Od. 3.9.1) , as long as I enjoyed thy favor, I flourished happier than the king of the Persians.
  5. quoad potuit fortissimē restitit (B. G. 4.12) , he resisted bravely as long as he could.

Note 1.-- Dōnec in this use is confined to poetry and later writers.

Note 2.-- Quam diū, as long as, takes the Indicative only: as, oppidō tam “diū tenuit quam diū in prōvinciā Parthī fuērunt(Fam. 12.19.2) , he kept himself within the town as long as the Parthians were in the province.

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