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562. Substantive Clauses are classified as follows:—

  1. Subjunctive Clauses ( ut , , ut nōn , etc.). a. Of purpose (command, wish, fear) (§§ 563, 564). b. Of result (happen, effect, etc.) (§ 568).
  2. Indicative Clauses with quod : Fact, Specification, Feeling (§ 572).
  3. Indirect Questions: Subjunctive, introduced by an Interrogative Word (§§ 573-576).
  4. Infinitive Clauses a. With verbs of ordering, wishing, etc. (§ 563). b.Indirect Discourse (§ 579 ff.).

Note.--The Infinitive with Subject Accusative is not strictly a clause, but in Latin it has undergone so extensive a development that it may be so classed. The uses of the Infinitive Clause are of two kinds: (1) in constructions in which it replaces a subjunctive clause with ut etc.; (2) in the Indirect Discourse. The first class will be discussed in connection with the appropriate subjunctive constructions (§ 563); for Indirect Discourse, see § 579 ff.

Substantive Clauses of Purpose

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 1.4
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