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102. 13.84 (Robinson 397) CUP SUPPL. PLATE 5, 2, and SUPPL. PLATE 12

Diameter 0.271; height 0.116, but there is a modern slice in the middle of the stem. I and A, AJA. 1915 p. 400 and pl. 24 (Swindler); the shape, Caskey G. p. 185 no. 139. Since cleaned. I, youth and woman. A-B, satyrs and maenads. About 460 B.C., by the Penthesilea Painter (AJA. 1915 p. 400; VA. p. 132; Att. V. p. 274 no. 23; ARV. p. 584 no. 34).

Inside, a youth and a woman. She sits at home, holding a fruit (apple?) in each hand, while the youth talks to her, leaning slightly on his stick. On the left, a wool-basket, and a distaff, wound with wool, standing in it; a sash hangs on the wall. The youth wears a himation, the woman a chiton, a himation veiling her head, and a saccos. She sits on a plain stool with rectangular legs (Richter Furniture p. 37 and fig. 103). It has a striped cover. The border is the painter's usual variety of maeander, with three cross-squares. The 'odd man' (ii p. 24) is south-east.

Outside, satyrs and maenads, two pairs on each half. These groups illustrate what was said above about the relations between maenad and satyr in the Penthesilea Painter.

In the right-hand group on A the satyr holds a drinking-horn and threatens the maenad with his thyrsus; in the left-hand group, the maenad holds thyrsus and wineskin, and the satyr approaches her ingratiatingly. On the left of B, it is the maenad who attacks the satyr with her thyrsus, and he flees before her. As she attacks she guards herself by extending her left arm under cover of her cloak, a well-known attitude. The satyr holds a wineskin. On the right of B, the satyr's approach is again insinuating; the maenad makes off. She holds a torch as well as a thyrsus. On the left of B is a sprig of ivy, leaves and inflorescence, hanging or rather falling. This occurs in other vases by the Penthesilea Painter (see ii p. 62) and his contemporaries: cup by the Pistoxenos Painter in the Louvre, Louvre CA 2952 (ii p. 97); cup in London, London 95.1-5.3 (ARV. p. 573); cup in Oxford, Oxford 1943.52 (Ashm. Report 1943 pl. 1).

The maenads are all dressed differently. The left-hand maenad on A wears a chiton, a short 'Ionic' himation fastened on the left shoulder, and her hair in a sling; the other, chiton and himation; the left-hand maenad on B, a chiton with a long kolpos, a cloak worn chlamys-fashion, and a saccos; the other a chiton with long kolpos, the skin of a feline, and her hair in a sling. Three of the thyrsus-heads are 'red-figure'; in the other two, where the thyrsus-head appears against a light background, the leaves are in black.

At each handle, a palmette of the same general type as in the athlete cup by the same painter (ii p. 64), but the tendrils are larger, start lower down, and are continued by a stalk which ends in a large leaf, point downwards.

The cup is of type B. The bowl is less shallow than in the athlete cup (no. 101), the stem a little shorter; the edge of the foot-plate is again a thin torus.

This is one of the painter's slightest works. There is hardly any relief-contour. Relief-lines, however, for the tendrils on which the palmettes are based. Brown lines for inner markings on the satyrs' bodies. No red.

The cup that most resembles ours is Oxford 1920.57 (CV. pl. 3, 4 and pl. 9, 3-4). There also, sprigs of ivy in the field; and a maenad attacking, with her arm in a chlamys-like cloak.

ARV2, p. 883, no. 61; Kraiker 1978, p. 40, under no. 141; CVA, Karlsruhe, Badisches Landesmuseum, 3, p. 74, under pl. 35 (C. Weiss).

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