previous next

105. 97.370 OINOCHOE (shape I) from Sunium SUPPL. PLATE 15

Height 0.3465. Fairbanks Greek Gods and Heroes p. 22; side-view, Walter Miller Daedalus and Thespis iii fig. 43, 7; Fairbanks and Chase p. 26 fig. 16: the shape, Caskey G. p. 137. Apollo and Artemis. About 470-460 B.C., by the Altamura Painter (VA. p. 145 no. 24; Att. V. p. 336 no. 36; ARV. p. 415 no. 48).

Apollo, dressed in chiton and himation, and wreathed with bay, stands at his altar, holding the cithara on his left arm, and a phiale in his right hand; his quiver is at his shoulder. Some spare string, and a piece of cloth, fringed, and ornamented with saltires, hang from the cithara: see i p. 20. Behind, a column, indicating a building. The capital is of 'Aeolic' type. Artemis, wearing a chiton, with kolpos, and over it a fawnskin, stands facing him, about to fill his phiale from the oinochoe (of type I, like our vase) held in the right hand. Her left hand holds the bow; the quiver is at her back. Stephane, adorned with leaves; earrings. At the base of the handle, a double palmette.

The rendering of the phiale, with three horizontal lines on it, is unusual. Similar, but with two lines only, in the calyx-krater by the same painter in Lyons (ARV. p. 413 no. 18). In other vases of his (volute-krater in Cairo, hydria in Cambridge, pelike and oinochoe in the Hearst collection at San Simeon, ARV. nos. 3, 46, 42, 54) there is a row of dots between one of the pairs of lines, the dots being a summary indication of an embossed pattern — leaves or the like, which are shown in yet other vases by our artist and often elsewhere.

Relief-contours in the flesh and parts of the clothes.

The Altamura Painter decorated several oinochoai of type I. The Boston vase has a rather narrow body and a broad base, without fillet. The subject, Apollo with Artemis, or with Artemis and Leto, is a special favourite in the group of artists to which the Altamura Painter belongs: see ii p. 82.

No. 14 in the list of the Altamura Painter's vases (ARV. pp. 412-16 and 960) is now published in CV. Gallatin pl. 56, 2, no. 54 in AJA. 1945 p. 475, 3 and p. 476, 1. The subject of no. 28 is a youth (Theseus?) pursuing a woman; Dr. Christoph Clairmont tells me that the fragments are from a calyx-, not a bell-krater. Add a calyx-krater in Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery 48.262, from Nola (A, [Carroll] The Private Collection of Mr Thomas B. Clarke, American Art Association Inc., Jan. 7-10, 1925 pl., no. 625; A, D. K. Hill Soldiers in Ancient Days p. 9: A, warrior and woman at altar; B, man), and a fragment of a good calyx-krater in the collection of Mr. D. L. Sicilianos, Athens (fight — the upper part of a young warrior).

Palmer 1962, pp. 30, 32 (fig. 18); ARV2, p. 594, no. 62; A. Greifenhagen, 118 BWPr, pp. 10, 28, note 12; Betancourt 1977, p. 149; CVA, Kiel, 1, p. 77, under no. B 720 (B. Freyer-Schauenburg); Maas & Snyder 1989, pp. 55, 58, 63, 66-67, 71, fig. 1.

Exhibited: Art Museum of South Texas, March 12 - May 2, 1976 (MFA Vases 1976, p. 21, fig. 23).

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: