121. 10.203 FRAGMENT OF A CUP SUPPL. PLATE 19, 1, 3VA. p. 32, whence Hoppin Euthymides and his Fellows p. 87. Outside, (Eros). About 510 B.C., by Euthymides (VA. p. 32 and p. 33 no. 15; Att. V. p. 64 no. 16; ARV.1 p. 26, under no. 17); ARV.2 p. 29 no. 19. What remains of the interior is covered with 'coral-red'.1 Outside, below the picture, a reserved line. Eros, as it should be, flies, nearly horizontal, to right, holding out a wreath. Above his head, the right root of one handle began. The figure therefore occupied the space under the handle. On the right, the leg of a seat, it seems, and some drapery, probably the himation of the person seated. Relief contour, except for the lips (the mouth is a relief-line). The outline of the hair is reserved. Red for the wreath — of vine-leaves one would say — on the head, and the wreath, of small leaves, in the hands. The handle-root, as not infrequently, is bordered by a relief-line. The remains on the shoulder of the figure are probably the beginning of the wing, which in early red-figure often covers the shoulder, for example in Athens (Athens, Acr. 163) by the Euergides Painter.2 Three fragments in Florence (one of which was formerly in Villa Giulia), and one recently acquired by the British Museum (ARV.1 p. 26 no. 17 and 18), must be from the same cup. All have a coral-red coating inside, which in three of them (the upper parts being preserved) is seen to give place, over half an inch from the rim-reserve, to a black band. Outside, one of the Florence fragments (CV. pl. 7 B 3; CF. pl. 7, 24: Plate 19, ε) has parts of three figures seated to right. First, two side by side, one of them with extended arm. Both wear long chiton and himation. The hither one sits on a campstool. The off one has a kolpos and is female. Then one wearing a himation and seated on a throne. The second Florence fragment (CV. pl. 7 B 2; CF. pl. Y, 9: Plate 19, α) has the head of a woman in a saccos, to right, and a little of one shoulder: the arm seems to have been extended. The third Florence fragment, ex Villa Giulia (CF. pl. Y, 23: Plate 19, γ) has the raised right hand, holding up an oinochoe, of a smaller person, a cup-bearer, to left, with the ends of the forehead-hair and the tip of the wreath on the head; further, inscriptions: first, the signature of the painter, ...ΔΕΣ with [ΕΓΡΑ]ΦΣΕΝ below it; secondly, the signature of the potter ...ΕΠ]ΟΕΙ (very little of the omikron remains); thirdly, ...ΟΣ, ending a word. These four fragments were put together, as probably from one cup, in CF. p. 14, and in ARV.1 p. 26 no. 17. No. 18 there is a fragment which was at one time in the Italian market and which until recently I knew from a photograph only. I could not even tell if it had coral-red inside. It has now been acquired by the British Museum (1952.12.-2.7) and is reproduced in Suppl. Plate 19, β. The interior is coral-red, with a black band above. Outside, parts of two figures, both female: of one, facing left, the saccos, with the edge of one shoulder; of the other, facing right, the back of the head, which is bound with a scarf, the ear, ear-ring, the shoulders. The minor lines of the himation are in brown. The upper edge of the chiton is seen before the fragment ends. Two rows of dots edge the hair below the reserve. The loose strands below the ear-ring are in relief-lines. The hand, holding a red flower, between the two figures may belong to the outstretched arm of a third person on the right, but may also be the raised right hand of the woman in the saccos, who would be seen from behind. To left of the hand and above it the black of the background is damaged. An inscription, ΗΙΛΥΘΥΑ, runs rightward and somewhat upward from the saccos. Two more fragments of the same cup are in Naples, in the collection of Mr. Mario Astarita (Suppl. Pl. 19, δ and η). The interior in both is coral-red. Fragment δ has parts of persons seated to right: three side by side, and one in front of them. All four wear himatia, and two at least of them a chiton as well. The middle figure of the trio has a kolpos and must be female. The hither person holds a staff, sceptre or the like. Fragment η has the lower end of a sceptre or staff, and parts of the legs of persons seated in the other direction, to left, one of whom wears the himation only and is male. The minor lines of the himation are in brown, hardly visible in the photograph. The name of the goddess Eileithyia has many forms, both in literature and in inscriptions.3 On Attic vases it is regularly aspirated. If one of the persons is Eileithyia, the subject can hardly have been anything but the Birth of Athena: treated somewhat as on a contemporary cup, by the Poseidon Painter, in the British Museum, with deities seated round:4 but whereas the style of the London cup is very discreditable, our cup must have been a masterpiece of the Parade style, equalling the Sosias cup in Berlin and the Peleus cup by Euphronios in Athens. The cup-bearer on the Villa Giulia fragment may be serving Zeus: if so, ΟΣ may be part of [ΔΙ]ΟΣ rather than of a kalos-inscription. Much is doubtful here: we cannot be sure whether there were two pictures outside the cup, one in each half, or, as is more likely, only one picture extending over both halves. I ought to have said that the seven fragments are not quite to scale in our reproduction. For the style, compare especially the amphora by Euthymides in the Louvre.5 We have fragments, I believe, of another, smaller cup by Euthymides: for I now take Athens, Acr. 211 to be his.6
C. H. E. Haspels, BCH 54 (1930), p. 450; Para., p. 324, no. 29; B. Cohen, Marsyas 15 (1970-71), p. 8; LIMC, III, 1, p. 693, under no. 84 (R. Olmos); Beazley Addenda 2, p. 156.