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122. 03.838 FRAGMENT OF A HYDRIA SUPPL. PLATE 18, 2

Formerly in the possession of Paul Hartwig. JHS. 70 p. 33 (Martin Robertson). Herakles and Cerberus. About 500 B.C., by the Berlin Painter (Berl. p. 19 no. 123; ARV.1 p. 139 no. 126, ARV.2 p. 209 no. 162).

In VA. p. 61 and Att. V. p. 121 no. 2 I put this together with two hydriai of the same shape, and a few other vases, as the work of a 'Nereus Painter': but already in the appendix to Att. V. (p. 471) I saw that one of the vases was by the Berlin Painter and that all might be. Later it became clear that they were. Our fragment goes particularly closely with the two hydriai just mentioned — Aberdeen 695 and London E 162.1

Herakles, moving smartly to left and looking back, leads Cerberus, who has an obedient look, by a chain with a cord handle. His club was probably in his right hand. On the left, Athena stands, holding her helmet in her left hand. On the right, the right hand of Hermes is seen, and, above, his petasos, slung round his neck, and the edge of his hair. He must have been looking back to right. Athena may have been the closing figure on the right, as, for example, in the black-figured amphora, of the Leagros Group, Vatican 372, or the red-figured Munich 2306.2

Herakles wears a chitoniskos under his lionskin; Athena, chiton and aegis. The figures are contoured with relief-lines. There is much brown detail, for lines on the chitons, on the arms of Herakles, on the head of Cerberus, and for the dots of the aegis. The compressed nostril of Herakles is in brown lines. The lionskin is washed with brown and strewn with darker dots and strokes. The black background encroaches on the upper tips of the mane. Red for Athena's head-fillet, her bracelet, the chain of Cerberus with its cord, and the cord of the petasos.

The shoulder has a design of palmettes and lotus-flowers, doubled; above this, and not ruled off from it, a band of egg-pattern. Most of the contours are in relief, but not those of the petals. The floral is separated from the figures by a reserved line. Doubtful whether the picture was framed.

On figures of Athena holding her helmet see ii pp. 42-43 (vase description for Boston 95.43); and Szilágyi in Bull. Hongr. 14 p. 33; on red-figured hydriai of 'black-figure' type, ii pp. 9-13 (Boston 98.878 and Boston 13.200). Besides the two in Aberdeen and London, the Berlin Painter has left four others.3


Brommer 1956, p. 54, no. B 5; M. Robertson, 1958, AJA 62, pp. 62-63, no. 3; Brommer 1960, p. 74, no. B 5; Beazley 1961, pp. 53-54, 64, note 46; C. G. Boulter, Hesperia 35 (1966), p. 314; Para., p. 343, no. 162; L. Byvanck-Quarles van Ufford, RA 1972, pp. 256, 259, 262, no. 22; Brommer 1973, p. 96, no. B 9; C. Sourvinou-Inwood, AntK 17 (1974), p. 33, note 13; Kunisch 1974, pp. 88 (no. 12), 93; Kurtz 1983, p. 99; D. C. Kurtz, JHS 103 (1983), p. 73, note 57; LIMC, V, 1, pp. 90 (no. 2590), 98 (V. Smallwood); LIMC, V, 1, pp. 329-330, no. 522 (G. Siebert).


1 Aberdeen 695: JHS 70 pp. 29 and 31 (Martin Robertson): ARV.1 p. 140 no. 127; ARV.2 p. 209 no. 164. London E 162: CV. pl. 70, 3; JHS. 70 p. 27 fig. 5: ARV.1 p. 140 no. 28; ARV.2 p. 209 no. 165.

2 Vatican: Albizzati pl. 50: ABV. p. 368 no. 107. Munich: CV. pll. 182-5 and pl. 188, 9: ARV.1 p. 152, foot, no. 1; ARV.2 p. 225, foot, no. 1.

3 Three of them are mentioned in ARV.1 p. 140 nos. 129-31 and ARV.2 p. 209 nos. 166-8; the fourth with Herakles and Apollo contending for the tripod, is in the collection of the Conde de Lagunillas at Havana (Mon. Piot 20. pl. 5 and p. 72: ARV.2 p. 209 no. 163: now cleaned).

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