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139. 13.67 CUP from Vulci PLATE LXXVIII, 4

Diameter 0.281. The foot is missing. Formerly in the possession of the Roman dealer Basseggio, later in the collection of Dr. W. S. Bigelow, who presented it to the Museum. Gerhard A.V. pl. 57, 3-4; Edward Robinson p. 144; drawing in the Berlin Apparatus, xxi. 97. 2. I, Dionysos and a satyr. About 490 B.C. or not long after, by Makron (Hartwig p. 299; VA. p. 103 no. 32; Att. V. p. 214 no. 42; ARV.1 p. 313 no. 219; ARV.2 p. 478 no. 309).

This is a large cup to be decorated inside only.

The maeander is of the type that Makron nearly always uses after his very earliest period.

V-shaped designs are commoner in the Brygos Painter than in Makron, but Makron has several. Dionysos holds a kantharos and a branch of ivy, and a small satyr, oinochoe in hand, offers to serve him with wine. The god wears a long chiton, a himation, an ivy-wreath; the satyr is also wreathed with ivy, and wears boots with flaps. His long hair is tied near the ends, and stands up stiff over the forehead. Restored, part of his right arm, his right foot, left heel, and the tip of his tail with the neighbouring stretch of the border; also part of the little finger of the god's right hand.

Relief-contours. The beards are edged with relief-lines, and there is much relief detail in the lower parts of the hair. No brown inner markings. Red is used for the stalk of the god's wreath, for the wreath of the satyr, for the leaves of the ivy-branch, and for the inscription ΗΟΠΑΙΣΚΑΛΟΣ.

Makron's style is not yet fully developed in this cup, and the drawing for some reason is rather listless. A very similar figure of Dionysos, with a small satyr beside him, is on a cup by Makron in Brussels, and is a little freer.1 The picture inside a cup in Munich, although the subject is different, resembles ours in style.2

A small particular in the dress is a favourite with Makron and we shall notice it in other vases of his: the tiny bag-like object at the right shoulder. It is part of the same device as the 'neck-piece' of the chiton. A draw-cord was threaded through the neck-piece to tighten the garment at the neck, and the ends of the neck-piece wound up into a little bunch. So also in nos. 140 and 141.

Para., p. 378, no. 309; K. Schauenburg, AM 86 (1971), p. 53; Brommer 1979a, p. 34; J.-J. Maffre, RA 1982, p. 205, note 43; Kurtz & Sparkes 1982, pp. 29, 32, 52 (D. von Bothmer).

1 Brussels R 247: CV. pl. 11, 2: ARV.1 p. 303 no. 31; ARV.2 p. 462 no. 41.

2 Munich 2655: WV. A pl. 3, whence Hoppin ii p. 65: ARV.1 p. 309 no. 139; ARV.2 p. 471 no. 196.

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