49. 13.202 LEKYTHOS The death of Orpheus PLATES XXII and XXVIHeight, 0.41 m.; diameter, 0.142 m. Broken, but complete; the eyelids and the lips of the woman slightly damaged. On the shoulder an egg pattern and three red-figured palmettes. No relief contours, except for the left shoulder and right leg of Orpheus, and the sword. Red used for the blood issuing from his wound, the fastenings of the strings of the lyre, the fillet of Orpheus, the cord of the plectrum, and the inscription. Brown used for the tattoo marks on the arms of the woman, for the fur on the flaps of her boots, for some of the inner markings on the body of Orpheus. The brown markings are distinguished in the drawing from those in relief lines. Ann. Rep. 1913, p. 91. A Thracian woman, advancing in a long stride,1 grasps the lifted arm of Orpheus with her left hand, and holds in her right the sword with which she has already dealt him a wound. Her hair, confined by a broad fillet, falls loose on her shoulders. She wears a short, sleeveless chiton, girded above the overfall, and high Thracian boots of fawn-skin, whose furry inner surface is indicated on the flaps in thinned varnish. She is tattooed on both forearms with a row of chevrons in brown; and the right arm shows in addition three stripes round the wrist, and at the elbow a dotted circle, a pattern which recurs on the boots. Orpheus is sinking to the ground, with blood spurting and streaming from a wound in his right side. His left knee is bent, and the lower leg boldly but unsuccessfully foreshortened. He holds his lyre with his right hand above his head. His mantle, hanging over his left shoulder and right thigh, forms a background for his figure. In the field, ΑΛΚΙΜΑΧΟΣ ΚΑΛΟΣ ΕΠΙΧΑΡΟΣ. On the treatment of the subject in vase paintings see Gruppe in Roscher, Lexikon, iii, I, pp. 1183-8; Robert, Heldensage, i, pp. 404-6; and Albizzati, Due nuovi acquisti del Museo Gregoriano-Etrusco, pp. 16-22. For the drapery of Orpheus Beazley compares the Theseus in the west pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia, and the Theseus in the neck-picture of the volute-krater in New York, F.R. ii, Pl. 116 (painter of the woolly silens) (New York 07.286.84). At least eight occurrences of the name Alkimachos are to be added to the seven cited by Klein, L.I. 2, p. 165. The revised list is as follows:
- 1. = Klein, 1. Nolan amphora, Munich 2325 (Jahn, 227); Beazley, Att. V., p. 296, no. 1. By the Alkimachos painter. Αλκιμαχως καλος.
- 2. = Klein, 2. Nolan amphora, London E 318; Att. V. p. 296, no. 2. By the Alkimachos painter. Αλκιμαχως καλως Επιχαρος.
- 3. The Orpheus lekythos here published. Αλκιμαχος καλος Επιχαρος.
- 3 a. Cup, white inside, rf. outside, in Samos. Ath. Mitt. 54, 1929, Pls. 5-6. [Αλκι]μαχ[ος...]. By an artist allied to the Penthesilea painter (Technau).
- 4. Oinochoe, Boston, Boston 13.191. See above, i p. 39, no. 42, Pl. XVIII, by the Chicago painter. Αλκιμαχος καλος.
- 5. Fragment of bell-krater, Tübingen 1569. Beazley, Vases in Poland, p. 45, note 2. By the Chicago painter. Αλκιμαχος καλος.
- 6. Volute-krater, Oxford 525. Beazley, Corpus, Oxford, i, Pl. 21, p. 18. About 450 B.C. Αλκιμαχος καλος.
- 7. = Klein, 4. Bell-krater in Goluchow, no. 43; Beazley, Vases in Poland, p. 54, Pls. 24, 25. By the Lykaon painter. Αλκιμαχος καλος, Αξιοπειθης καλος.
- 8. Bell-krater, London 495. Att. V., p. 399, no. 7. By the Lykaon painter. Κλεων, Ευδικος, Αλκιμαχος, [Δ]εξιμαχος.
- 9. = Klein, 3. Lost. Tischbein, i, Pl. 37; cf. Beazley, Vases in Poland, p. 59, note 1. Αλκιμαχως καλως.
- 10. = Klein, 5. Lekythos, Athens 1191. Collignon-Couve, Catalogue, no. 1190, Pl. 42. By the Alkimachos painter. Καλος Αλκιμαχος.
- 11. = Klein, 7. White oinochoe, Naples 2439. Αλκιμαχος καλος.
- 12. White lekythos, Athens, Athens 12771. Riezler, Pl. 3. By the same hand as the Akestorides lekythos in Brussels, Brussels A 1020, Corpus, Cinquantenaire, III. 1 B, Pl. 2, 4. Αξιο[π]ει[θης] κα[λ]ος Αλκιμαχ[ο].
- 13.= Klein, 6. White lekythos, Boston 13.187. See below, i p. 47, no. 53, Pl. XXIV. By the Achilles painter. Α[λ]κιμαχ[ο]ς κ[α]λος.
- 14. White lekythos, Boston 13.201. See below, i p. 46, no. 52, Pl. XXIV. By the Achilles painter. Αξιοπειθης καλος Αλκιμαχο.
- 15. White lekythos in private possession. F.R. iii, p. 303, fig. 145. By the Achilles painter. Αξιοπειθης καλος Αλκιμαχο.
ARV, p. 646, no. 15 (Manner of the Achilles Painter); Chase 1950, pp. 70-71, fig. 77; Brommer 1960, p. 356, no. B 23; Chase & Vermeule 1963, pp. 93, 96, 112, fig. 93; ARV2, p. 1002, no. 11; H. Froning, AA 1971, p. 33, note 12; Brommer 1973, p. 505, no. B 26; Kurtz 1975, p. 48, pl. 34, 1; K. Schefold, AntK 19 (1976), pp. 76-77; K. Zimmermann, JdI 95 (1980), pp. 178 (no. 21), 180 (fig. 17), 184; CVA, Würzburg, 2, p. 38, under no. H 4906 (F. Hölscher); Raeck 1981, p. 280, note 541; Beazley Addenda 1, p. 153; Schefold & Jung 1988, p. 84; H. R. Goette, JdI 103 (1988), pp. 425 (note 105, h, incorrectly as ARV, 2nd ed., 1002, 1), 431 (note 129, incorrectly as ibid., 1602, 11); E. D. Serbeti, Boreas 12 (1989), p. 34, note 98; Maas & Snyder 1989, pp. 96-98, 112, fig. 29; Beazley Addenda 2, p. 313; Oakley 1990, p. 30, note 193.