68. 98.878 HYDRIA (of black-figure shape) PLATE XXXIIIThe shape, Caskey G. p. 109. Acquired from Hartwig. Present height (the foot is modern) 0.53; diameter 0.325. Warrior leaving home (youth and woman). Between the two heads, ΛΥΚ[Ο]Σ; lower, downwards, ΚΑ[Λ]Ο[Σ] (ARV. p. 932, foot). About 500-490 B.C. The hydria is of the old type commonly used by black-figure painters, with the neck marked sharply off from the shoulder and the shoulder from the body; as opposed to the kalpis-hydria, which came in about 520 and by 480 had almost driven the other out. In detail, our vase is less old-fashioned than the Boston hydria Boston 13.200 (no. 69). It is slenderer; the body curves less rapidly downwards; the neck does not flare; the back-handle is higher; and there is a distinct incurve at the base. A very rare feature is the lipped mouth; it never occurs in black-figured hydriai, and the only other red-figured hydriai of this type that have it are London E 162 and Madrid 11117 (see below).1 The foot is missing and is restored as a double ogee: incorrectly according to Caskey (G. p. 108), 'the type of foot found in kalpides having been used in place of the simple disc proper to hydriai of the black-figure type', and in his drawing he supplied a torus foot. It should be said, however, that although the simple foot is proper to the type, most of the late archaic red-figure examples have a double-ogee foot: such are the following:
- Aberdeen 695. JHS. 70 pp. 29 and 31. Early Berlin Painter (ARV. p. 140 no. 127).
- London E 162. CV. pl. 70, 3; JHS 70 p. 27 fig. 5. Early Berlin Painter, same style as the last (ARV. p. 140 no. 128).
- Vatican. Mus. Greg. ii pl. 15, 1; Berl. pll. 25-6. By the Berlin Painter (ARV. p. 140 no. 129).
- Madrid 11117. CV. pl. 13, 1. By the Berlin Painter (ARV. p. 140 no. 130).
- Paris, Cab. Méd. 439. Phot. Giraudon 8075, whence Cook Zeus ii p. 26. By the Berlin Painter, middle or late (ARV. p. 140 no. 131).
- London E 163. CV. pl. 70, 4. By the Copenhagen Painter (ARV. p. 194 no. 17).
- London E 161. CV. pl. 71, 1. By the Syriskos Painter (ARV. p. 196 no. 20).
Beazley 1961, p. 52; ARV2, p. 1596 (perhaps the Flying-angel Painter); E. Vermeule 1965, fig. 24; Anderson 1970, pp. 23, 29, 89, pl. 6; Para., p. 507; J. Buckler, Hesperia 41 (1972), p. 471, pl. 115, b; Beazley Addenda 1, p. 196; E. Hostetter, 1986, Bronzes from Spina, Mainz am Rhein, P. von Zabern, I, p. 56, note 256; Padgett 1989, p. 214; Beazley Addenda 2, p. 389.