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7. 13.190 KYLIX Menelaos and Helen PLATE III

Greatest length, 0.139 m. Fragments from the centre of a kylix of moderate size, with low stem moulded at the junction with the (missing) foot. The bowl may have had an offset lip, like nos. 8 and 9, or the normal contour like Boston 98.876, Caskey, G.G.V., no. 159, p. 205. The legs of Menelaos and the exergue have been damaged by corrosion of the surface. Relief contour lines, except for Helen's veil. The inscription in red. Brown used for inner markings on Menelaos' arm, for his moustache, for his chiton, for details of his corselet, for Helen's hair, and for details of her costume. The exterior undecorated.

From Cervetri. Ann. Rep. 1913, p. 89.

A warrior leading off a woman, within a border consisting of a circle, reserved, as is also the exergue upon which the figures stand. He is about to move to the left, but turns his head back towards the woman, whom he grasps by the wrist with his left hand like a bridegroom conducting his bride, while he threatens her with a sword held in his right. She stands hesitant, looking at him, her lips parted, her left hand lifted slightly with the palm upward. He is armed with cuirass and Corinthian helmet and possibly with greaves. The shin of his frontal left leg was marked by a relief line, and there are traces of relief lines at his ankle. His left foot was seen in top view extending on to the exergue. The surface of his chiton is covered with a light brown wash, over which are dots in darker brown. His curly hair is indicated by raised black dots, one of which appears in the eye-hole of his helmet, others between its nose and cheek-pieces. The woman is richly garbed in Ionic chiton, himation, and bridal veil. She wears a diadem and a necklace with pendants. The folds of the veil are rendered in brown lines. The upper part of the chiton is decorated with rows of crosses in black, alternating with rows of short vertical strokes and dots in brown. Her upper eyelid is rendered by two lines.1

In the field, ΕΛΠΙ[ΝΙΚ]ΟΣ ΚΑΛΟΣ.

The threatening gesture of the warrior makes it probable that the subject is Menelaos leading away Helen, whom he has recovered after the fall of Troy.

The shape of the cup, the use of a reserved circle as border for the picture, the drawing of eyes and hands, the treatment of Helen's dress and mantle suggest a date near the end of the early archaic red-figured style, i.e. not far from the year 500 B.C. Three other cups. with the καλος name Elpinikos are cited by Klein, L.I. 2, p. 86. Beazley ascribes them to the same hand as ours and adds, as a fifth piece, a cup fragment in Leipsic, Leipsic T 609 (interior, part of a youth bending). Klein's no. 1 is now in the Art Gallery at Manchester. 'The Elpinikos painter, interesting for his daintiness, minute detail, and technical experiments, belongs to the same group as the Epidromos painter and Apollodoros (Att. V., pp. 51-3, and 468).'23

ARV, p. 86, no. 3; Caskey & Beazley, II, p. 100, no. 7; Ghali-Kahil 1955, p. 103, no. 100, pl. 82, 1; Brommer 1960, p. 297, no. B 2; EAA, III, p. 323, fig. 392 (E. Paribeni); ARV2, pp. 119 (no. 3), 1627; E. Vermeule 1965, fig. 38B; Neumann 1965, pp. 62, 185, note 231; U. Knigge, AM 85 (1970), p. 15; Para., p. 332, no. 3; M. Dumm, MüJB 22 (1971), pp. 15 (fig. 6), 17-19, 22 (note 34); Brommer 1973, p. 410, no. B 2; D. J. R. Williams, JHS 97 (1977), p. 165; Brommer Festschrift, p. 217 (R. Lullies); Beazley Addenda 1, p. 87; I. Jenkins, BICS 30 (1983), p. 144, note 41; LIMC, IV, 1, pp. 547 (no. 311), 559, IV, 2, pl. 348, illus. (L. Kahil with N. Icard); Schefold & Jung 1989, pp. 294 (fig. 256), 415; Beazley Addenda 2, p. 175.

1 Beazley remarks that the indication of the upper edge of the upper eyelid, rare in archaic painting (examples: the Sosias cup in Berlin, Berlin F 2278, and the Kleophrades cup in the Cabinet des Médailles), recurs on a vase of the Epidromos-Apollodoros group, Athens, Acr. F 89a. Two examples in Hartwig's Meisterschalen — the Perugia cup signed Ευφρονιος εποιεσεν and the Villa Giulia cup with horses — are bogus, this detail being due to the restorer.

2 (From Addenda to Part I) No. 7. ARV. p. 86, Elpinikos Painter no. 3. Now augmented by a fragment, identified by Kirsten, ex Leipsic, which gives the right elbow of Menelaos, with part of the line-border (Leipziger Vasen: Festgabe zur Winckelmannsfeier... Leipzig 1935 pl. 1 no. 1). For the subject compare the vase (plate or stemless cup?), by Oltos, in Odessa (Zap. Od. 22 pl. 3, 1, whence, redrawn, Ebert Südrussland im Altertum p. 203): the Odessa picture should not have been described in ARV. p. 35 no. 10 as merely 'warrior leading woman', since the names are inscribed, ΜΕΝΕΛΕ[ΟΣ] and ΗΕΛΕΝΕ. See also Kunze Olympische Forschungen ii p. 164.

3 P. 6, no. 7: figured (including the fragment added later, see ii p. 100 [Addenda to Part I]) in Ghali-Kahil Hélène pl. 82, 1 and in Enciclopedia dell' Arte Antica iii p. 323 fig. 392.

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