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72. 98.876 CUP PLATE XXXVII

Formerly in Hartwig's possession. Diameter 0.233, height 0.0821. I, Handbook B.M.F.A. p. 86; the shape, Caskey G. p. 205 no. 159. I, jumper; A-B, athletes. At first I thought this cup might be a very early work by the Panaitios Painter (VA. p. 87; Att. V. p. 166 no. 11), but later I detached it from him and placed it in the 'Proto-Panaitian Group' (ARV. p. 211 no. 9). See also Gnomon 4 p. 327 (Langlotz).

The foot of the cup is of type C, but this foot is not accompanied, as it more commonly is, by an offset lip.

The picture inside is large: that is to say, unusually large in proportion to the whole interior space: this is often so in cups of the Proto-Panaitian Group or by the Panaitios Painter: for instance in our nos. 73, 74, 75, and 76 as well as in the cup by the Eleusis Painter, no. 71.

I, an athlete runs, with a haltēr in each hand. Since he is looking back, he is not about to jump, but hastening to the field. Behind him, a pair of acontia. The composition is a good example of the whirligig which is a favourite in early cup-tondi. Inscription ΑΘΕΝΟΔΟΤΟΣ ΚΑΛΟΣ.

In the maeander-borders inside cups, it is usually possible to say at what point the artist began: here he seems to have begun 'East', and worked round to 'North, West, South' and back to 'East': at least there is a cramped maeander — the last one — at the level of the haltēr in the left hand: I call a defective unit like this the 'odd man' and shall point to other examples.

On A, in the middle, an athlete runs to left, looking back at another who follows him with a pick in his hand ready to loosen the ground. On the left of the picture a third athlete bends, in his left hand an acontion, as if he had just picked it up, in his right the thong. Another acontion stands behind him. Under the right handle there is a pick. Inscription ΗΟΠΑΙΣ ΚΑΛΟΣ.

On B, in the middle, an athlete, holding an acontion in each hand like the corresponding figure on A, runs to right, looking back at a companion who follows him with a pair of acontia. Behind them, a pick, and another pair of acontia. On the right, a third athlete runs to left holding a pair of haltēres in his left hand and raising his right hand with a gesture that seems to say 'Here I come'. Inscription ΚΑΛΟΣ ΗΟΠΑΙΣ.

Outside as inside the young men are running to the sports ground. It is early morning.

The drawing is contoured with thick relief-lines. Brown inner markings. The furrow of the hip is sometimes given by a relief-line, sometimes by a brown. One athlete wears a fillet, the rest wreaths of large leaves or small: these, like the inscriptions, are in red.

The cup was probably painted before the end of the sixth century. It belongs to the Proto-Panaitian Group (ARV. p. 211 no. 9), but is not very like any other member of it. It comes closest, perhaps, to the Leagros cup in London (London E 46: ARV. p. 210, foot, no. 1), but is far inferior: the drawing lacks subtlety, and is distinctly academic. Both cups stem, one might say, from such earlier work as the komos of the volute-krater by Euphronios in Arezzo (Arezzo 1465; FR. pll. 61-2: ARV. p. 16 no. 5) and the fragmentary cup with the signature of Euphronios in Berlin and the Vatican (ARV. p. 19, foot).

A small addition may be made to the Proto-Panaitian Group. A fragment in the Louvre joins Louvre G 77, no. 2 in the list (ARV. p. 211), on the right, giving the rest of the fingers and skyphos, and the upper part of a youth moving to right playing the flute.


Stow 1939, pl. 11, 1; MIT 1950, p. 80, fig. 22; Villard 1956, pp. 71-72, pl. 20, 2; Olympia in der Antike, Ausstellung, Essen, 18. Juni-28. August 1960, fig. 51; ARV2, p. 317, no. 10; Sedlmayr & Messerer 1967, p. 38 (W. Züchner); E. Vermeule, AJA 71 (1967), p. 311; G. von Lücken, Die Griechische Vase (Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Universität Rostock 16, 1967), pp. 487, 675, pl. 54, 4; T. Seki, AA 1981, p. 56, no. 4; S. R. Roberts, Hesperia 55 (1986), p. 13, under no. 14; CVA, Tübingen, 5, p. 21, under no. S./10 1523 (J. Burow).

Exhibited: Brussels, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Jan. 23 - April 19, 1992 (C. C. Vermeule III, in D. Vanhove, ed., 1992, Le Sport dans la Grèce antique: Du Jeu à la Compétition, Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-arts, pp. 269-270, no. 132, illus.); Barcelona, Fundacio Caixa de Pensions, May 12-August 9, 1992 (C. C. Vermeule III, in El Deporte en la Grecia Antigua: La génesis del olimpismo, Barcelona, Centre Cultural de la Fundación "La Caixa," pp. 269-270, no. 132, illus.).


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